15.1. 衛靈公問陳於孔子,孔子對曰:“俎豆之事,則嘗聞之矣;軍旅之事,未之學也。”明日遂行。
Duke Ling of Wei asked Confucius about battle array, Confucius replied, "I know only something about ritual, but nothing about military affairs." He left Wei the next day.

15.2. 在陳絕糧,從者病莫能興。 子路慍見曰:“君子亦有窮乎?”子曰:“君子固窮,小人窮斯濫矣。”
Confucius was not supplied with food in the state of Chen, his followers became too weak to rise to their feet. Dissatified, Zi Lu came and said, "How can an intelligentleman fall in want?" The Master said, "An intelligentleman will do nothing wrong even if he is in want, while an uncultured man in want will break loose from all restraints."

15.3. 子曰:“賜也,女以予為多學而識之者與?”對曰:“然,非與?”曰:“非也,予一以貫之。”
The Master said to Zi Gong, "Do you think I am a man who knows many things and keeps them in memory?" Zi Gong said, "Yes, is it not so?" The Master said, "No, I know only one in many and many in one."

15.4. 子曰:“由,知德者鮮矣。”
The Master said to Zi Lu, "Few know what virtue is."

15.5. 子曰:“無為而治者其舜也與!夫何為哉?恭己正南面而已矣。”
Emperor Shun ruled by non-interference, said the Master. Was it not so? What did he do but occupy the imperial throne reverently?

15.6. 子張問行,子曰:“言忠信,行篤敬,雖蠻貊之邦,行矣。言不忠信,行不篤敬,雖州裏,行乎哉?立則見其參於前也,在輿則見其倚於衡也,夫然後行。”子張書諸紳。
When Zi Zhang asked about good behavior, the Master said, "Sincere in what you say and trustworthy in what you do, you would behave well even among uncivilized tribes. Insincere in word and untrustworthy in deed, could you behave well in your native village? Standing, you should see these words before your eyes. Sitting in the carriage, you should see them inscribed on the yoke. Then you can behave well." Zi Zhang wrote these words on his sash.

15.7. 子曰:“直哉史魚!邦有道如矢,邦無道如矢。君子哉蘧伯玉!邦有道則仕,邦無道則可卷而懷之。”
How straightforward was the historian Yu, said the Master, who served as a straight arrow the state in good order or in disorder! What an intelligentleman was Qu Bo Yu who served as an official when the state was in good order, and who concealed himself and hid away when the state was in disorder!

15.8. 子曰:“可與言而不與之言,失人;不可與言而與之言,失言。知者不失人亦不失言。”
Not to talk to a worthy man, said the Master, is to lose the man, and to talk to an unworthy man is to waste words. The wise will neither lose a man nor waste words.

15.9. 子曰:“志士仁人無求生以害仁,有殺身以成仁。”
A wise good man, said the Master, will do no wrong to preserve his own life but sacrifice his life to do what is right.

15.10. 子貢問為仁,子曰:“工欲善其事,必先利其器。居是邦也,事其大夫之賢者,友其士之仁者。”
Zi Gong asked how to render good service. The Master said, "A craftman who wishes to do his work well must first sharpen his tools. You who serve in a state must act in agreement with its good officers and befriend its good intellectuals."

15.11. 顏淵問為邦,子曰:“行夏之時,乘殷之輅,服周之冕,樂則《韶》、《舞》;放鄭聲,遠佞人。鄭聲淫,佞人殆。”
Yan Yuan asked how to serve in a state. The Master said, "Use the calendar of Xia, ride the carriage of Yin, wear the ceremonial dress of Zhou, play the music of Emperor Shun and dance to the tune of the Martial King. Reject the songs of Zheng which are licentious and keep away from flatterers who are dangerous."

15.12. 子曰:“人無遠慮,必有近憂。”
If you have no long sight, said the Master, trouble will be near at hand.

15.13. 子曰:“已矣乎!吾未見好德如好色者也。”
In vain, said the Master, have I looked for one who loves his duty more than beauty.

15.14. 子曰:“臧文仲其竊位者與!知柳下惠之賢而不與立也。”
Was not Zang Wen Zhong, said the Master, a stealer of ranks? He knew Liu Xia Hui gifted but did not give the rank due to him.

15.15. 子曰:“躬自厚而薄責於人,則遠怨矣。”
Severe with oneself and lenient with others, said the Master, one will be far from their complaint.

15.16. 子曰:“不曰‘如之何、如之何’者,吾末如之何也已矣。”
I do not know what to do, said the Master, with a man who never says, "What to do? What to do?"

15.17. 子曰:“群居終日,言不及義,好行小慧,難矣哉!”
It is difficult, said the Master, to deal with those who gather together all day long without saying what is right but try to show their tact in trifling matters.

15.18. 子曰:“君子義以為質,禮以行之,孫以出之,信以成之。君子哉!”
An intelligentleman, said the Master, thinks it his duty to do what is right, carries it out according to the rules of propriety, speaks with modesty and accomplishes it faithfully. Such is an intelligentleman.

15.19. 子曰:“君子病無能焉,不病人之不己知也。”
An intelligentleman, said the Master, regrets that he is incapable, and not that he is unknown.

15.20. 子曰:“君子疾沒世而名不稱焉。”
An intelligentleman, said the Master, dislikes the age of decadence when names belie facts.

15.21. 子曰:“君子求諸己,小人求諸人。”
An intelligentleman, said the Master, relies on himself while an uncultured man relies on others.

15.22. 子曰:“君子矜而不爭,群而不黨。”
An intelligentleman, said the Master, is dignified, but not querrelsome; he is sociable, but not partisan.

15.23. 子曰:“君子不以言舉人,不以人廢言。”
An intelligentleman, said the Master, will not recommend anyone simply because of his good words, nor reject the good words of anyone.

15.24. 子貢問曰:“有一言而可以終身行之者乎?”子曰:“其恕乎!己所不欲,勿施於人。”
Zi Gong asked whether there was a word practicable all the life long. The Master said, "Perhaps 'forbearance' is the word. Do not do to others what you would not have others do to you."

15.25. 子曰:“吾之於人也,誰毀誰譽?如有所譽者,其有所試矣。斯民也,三代之所以直道而行也。”
Of those people I have dealt with, said the Master, whom have I praised or blamed? If I have praised someone, I must have tested him. Such is the straightforward way how people were dealt with during the three ancient dynasties.

15.26. 子曰:“吾猶及史之闕文也,有馬者借人乘之,今亡矣夫!”
In my early days, said the Master, I had seen historian leave a blank in his text, and a horseman leave his horse for another to ride. But now there is none like them.

15.27. 子曰:“巧言亂德,小不忍,則亂大謀。”
Sweet words, said the Master, may sour the deeds. Impatience in minor matter may cause failure in main matter.

15.28. 子曰:“眾惡之,必察焉;眾好之,必察焉。”
If a man is disliked by all, said the Master, inquiry must be made. If a man is liked by all, inquiry must also be made.

15.29. 子曰:“人能弘道,非道弘人。”
It is man, said the Master, that can amplify laws, but laws cannot amplify man.

15.30. 子曰:“過而不改,是謂過矣。”
Not to mend a fault, said the Master, is to make a fault.

15.31. 子曰:“吾嘗終日不食、終夜不寢以思,無益,不如學也。”
Once, said the Master, I spent a whole day and a whole night in thinking, without eating and sleeping. I got no result and found it better to learn.

15.32. 子曰:“君子謀道不謀食。耕也餒在其中矣,學也祿在其中矣。君子憂道不憂貧。”
An intelligentleman, said the Master, seeks after truth instead of food. Ploughing, he will not worry about hunger; learning, he may win rank. An intelligentleman is more eager for truth than worried about poverty.

15.33. 子曰:“知及之,仁不能守之,雖得之,必失之。知及之,仁能守之,不莊以涖之,則民不敬。知及之,仁能守之,莊以涖之,動之不以禮,未善也。”
Wise enough to attain, said the Master, but not good enough to maintain, he will lose what is gained. Wise enough to attain and good enough to maintain, he will not be respected by people if he rules without dignity. Wise enough to attain and good enough to maintain, and ruling with dignity, he is still not a perfect ruler if he does not act in accordance with the ritual system.

15.34. 子曰:“君子不可小知而可大受也,小人不可大受而可小知也。”
An intelligentleman, said the Master, may not know minor matters, but he can be entrusted with major duties. An uncultured man cannot be entrusted with major duties, but he may know minor matters.

15.35. 子曰:“民之於仁也,甚於水火。水火,吾見蹈而死者矣,未見蹈仁而死者也。”
The people need virtue, said the Master, more than water and fire. I have seen people drowned in water or burned to death in fire, but none die in virtue.

15.36. 子曰:“當仁不讓于師。”
A good man, said the Master, should not withdraw from being a better man than his teacher.

15.37. 子曰:“君子貞而不諒。”
An intelligentleman, said the Master, is consistent, but not obstinate.

15.38. 子曰:“事君,敬其事而後其食。”
In serving the prince, said the Master, a man should do his duty before he gets his reward.

15.39. 子曰:“有教無類。”
In education, said the Master, there should be no distinction of classes.

15.40. 子曰:“道不同,不相為謀。”
You cannot take counsel, said the Master, with those who follow a different way.

15.41. 子曰:“辭達而已矣。”
Words are good, said the Master, if only they can express the idea.

15.42. 師冕見,及階,子曰:“階也。”及席,子曰:“席也。”皆坐,子告之曰:“某在斯,某在斯。”師冕出。子張問曰:“與師言之道與?”子曰:“然,固相師之道也。”
The blind music master Mian called on Confucius. When he came to the steps, the Master said, "Here are the steps." When he came to the mat for the guests to sit on, the Master said, "Here is the mat." When all the guests were seated, the Master told him, "So and so is here, so and so is there." When the music master was out, Zi Zhang asked whether it was the way to deal with a music master. The Master said, "Yes, this is the way to lead a blind man."